Gurmat is Divince Grace



gurmat is the Supreme, invisible gift of divine knowledge (Giaan) with profound
energy. The attributive-immanent nature of the Supreme Being with hidden power
to create as one of the cardinal attributes of the God of its conception. The
Creator brought into being the universe by his hukam
or Will, without any intermediaries. Man, as the pinnacle of creation, is born
with a divine spark; his liberation lies in the recognition of his own
spiritual essence and immanence of the Divine in the cosmic order. A
fulfillment comes with the curbing of one’s haumai or ego and cultivation of
the discipline of Naam.


to Baba Nanak Guru means Enlightener, the destroyer of darkness (ignorance and
falsehood through Giaan – knowledge of truth or wisdom-Shabad), which is one of
the supreme attributes of God. Therefore in Gurbani Guru is God as said by Guru
Nanak “Gur prasaadi’ in Mool Mantra which is made of two terms Gur” and
“Prasaadi”. The term “Gur” indicates Giaan, the truth
(enlightenment – wisdom). “Prasaadi” (Parsaad) translates
as “Grace”, “Nadar” or “Kirpaa”. Hence, “Gur
Prasaadi” implies that spiritual illumination that is Oneness with the One
Truth realized with the Grace of the God and is known as Dhur ki Bani or
Gurbani in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, including that of all Bhagats. All these Bhagats were
spiritually enlightened and they personally jolt down Giaan padarath in the
form of shabad or stanzas of their own. Baba Nanak while traveling through his Udhsis
collected these valuable Giaan Padarath of such Bhagats and maintained a
separate pothy of these collections along with his own.  Guru Arjun: “When the Guru’s Spiritual
Wisdom awakened in my mind, then the Divine Light illuminated within me and I
see that Light everywhere” (GGS: 209). Darkness or
ignorance signify man’s bondage (Mayaic efforts), and Light or knowledge refers
to liberation from bondage. In other words, the contrast between Light and
darkness is symbolical of Divine Knowledge and ignorance.


our Gurus suggested to the Sikhs to be connected to the Primal Guru, the
Almighty God, the “One and Only” Entity, the Cause of all causes, Source of
all sources That is manifest as the Cosmos and invisible as Hukam (Cosmic

(A traditional etymology
of the term “guru” is based on the interplay between darkness and
light. The guru is seen as the one who “dispels the darkness of ignorance.
As a noun the word means the imparter of knowledge. As an adjective, it means
‘heavy,’ or ‘higher,’ in the sense of “higher in knowledge,” with
spiritual wisdom, and realization. On GGS page 1142, said Guru Arjun: “There is
no difference between the Supreme Lord God and the Guru”).


are no adequate words in English or other languages to translate gurbani terms
properly. For example, Guru and Sikh are most commonly interpreted as teacher,
spiritual guide and preceptor, or learner, student and disciple, respectively.
However, these words fail to convey the proper meanings of Guru and Sikh as
used in Sri Guru Granth Sahib.


in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh means devotee, disciple, learner (seeker of
truth), sachiara (truthful), gurmukh (enlightened being,
God-centered being). The follower of Gurmat is known as GurSikh, as God is
Enlightener, this enlightenment or illumination is spiritual wisdom or Gurmat
and has profound energy within. Gurmat is supreme, with divine vibrations and
is most powerful.  Even lord Krishna and
Raja Raam were enlightened persons with such illumination of Giaan Padarath or Gurmat.
In Sri Guru Granth Sahib on page 1041-6, Guru Nanak proclaims: “Through the
power of Gurmat, Krishna lifted the mountain of Govardhan and through the power
of Gurmat, Raja Raama floated stones across the ocean. Accepting (mannai) and
following the Gurmat, the supreme status is obtained; O Nanak, the Guru
eradicates doubt”. We Sikhs are fortunate to have such a great and valuable
treasure of Gurmat hidden in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. But majority of we Sikhs
are ignorant of Gurbani.


Sikhism, the ‘guru’ in gur-mat means the Ten Gurus of the Sikh
faith as well as gur-bani, i.e. their inspired utterances recorded in the Guru Granth Sahib. The instruction (mat) of
the Guru implies the teaching imparted through
this holy word, and the example set by the Ten Gurus in person. Direction derived from
these sources is a Sikh‘s ultimate norm in shaping the course of
his life, both in its sacred and secular aspects. More specifically the
spiritual wisdom lay down by the Guru is a term which may in its essential
sense be taken to be synonymous with Sikhism itself. It covers doctrinal, prescriptive
and directional aspects of Sikh faith. Doctrine and
tenets derived from the teachings of Guru Nanak and his nine successors, refers to
the whole Sikh way of life both in its individual and
social expressions evolved over the centuries. Ignorance and Knowledge (or Light and darkness) are
again relative terms used in the Gurbani to explain the states of man’s
existence. But, the state of linking with the Mool transcends both, which has
been attested in the life of Enlightened Beings (Gurmukhs). Divine
Knowledge is the only Light. Without it, the darkness of ignorance will not go
away. The Divine Knowledge arises only when the Shabad is reflected upon
(Shabad-Vichaar) and its subtlety understood. Although this Supreme Light
shines within everybody, we are still unable to realize it. This Inner Light is
covered with the cloud of false ego, and the thunderstorm of sense cravings and
fear. Consequently, we search it in the external objects of the world. It is
like the deer that searches for the musk in the bushes. The deer does not know
the secret the musk is within its own body, but due to its ignorance it
searches for it outside.

The Gurbani itself is the Divine Light (the Source of Divine Knowledge), which
radiates the three worlds. It enlightens every one who comes in contact with
the Gur-Shabad or Naam. The Shabad-Surti bestows sincere devotees with the Daan
of Divine Love, devotion or Naam. All we have to do is surrender our falsehood,
engage in the earnest Shabad-Vichaar; then the Light of the Shabad will pierce
through our deluded mind just as the lightening pierces through the dark
clouds. The Transcendental vibration of the Shabad (Naam) and the Infinite
Consciousness are inseparable. They are inseparable like the whiteness of the
snow, fragrance in the flower, heat in the fire, liquidity of the water, light
in the bulb, waves in the ocean, and rays in the sun.



Mohan Singh

Spirit of GURMAT

Toronto, Canada.



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